Comparing Radiation Shielding Doorsets: Lead-Lined Metal Doors vs. Lead-Lined Wood Doors

Considerations for Radiation Shielding X-Ray Doors

When selecting radiation shielding doors, it’s essential to consider factors like the level of radiation protection required, door material durability, aesthetic considerations, and compliance with safety regulations. Both lead-lined metal and wood doors offer effective protection against ionising radiation, but their suitability varies based on specific application requirements and installation environments. This article will delve into the options available with Raybloc so that you can specify your radiation-protective doorsets with complete clarity that your requirements are met.

Types of Radiation Protection Lead Doors

Radiation-protective lead-lined doorsets can either be constructed out of timber or metal, depending on your requirements. Whilst timber doorsets boast a variety of aesthetics suitable for most situations, they don’t always come out on top when it comes to durability and ability to withhold the often demanding weights involved in heavy lead shielding. Let’s take a look at the advantages and disadvantages of both types and how they can be combined in different ways to get the best of both worlds.

Lead-Lined Timber Doorsets

Lead-lined timber doorsets provide a blend of aesthetic appeal with effective radiation shielding. They are particularly favoured in healthcare facilities for their traditional appearance, which complements various architectural designs. The lead lining thickness is customised based on the required amount specified by the Radiation Protection Advisor (RPA), ensuring adequate protection while maintaining the door’s visual and functional aspects. Timber doorsets can be manufactured to contain sheet lead up to a thickness of 20mm Pb before the weight of the door leaf makes this material unsuitable for the construction of the doorset.

 Lead-Lined Metal Doorsets

Lead-lined metal doorsets are prized for their durability and high level of radiation protection. These doorsets are suitable for environments with high usage or where maximum protection is critical. Metal doors can also be equipped with additional features like fire resistance and soundproofing, making them versatile for various applications.

Neutron Shielded Doors

Neutron-shielded doors are specialised for areas where neutron radiation is a concern, such as nuclear medicine facilities. These doors are designed with materials like borated polyethylene in addition to lead, providing comprehensive protection against both neutron and gamma radiation. These types of doorsets can be manufactured with either timber or steel to suit your demands.

Industrial Sliding Doors

Industrial sliding doors are ideal for spaces requiring large opening sizes and efficient space utilisation. These doors can be lead-lined for radiation protection and are commonly used in industrial applications, including aerospace and defence, where radiation shielding is necessary. To achieve the necessary lead equivalence often required in Non-Destructive Testing and the like, the lead is loaded into a steel encasement in a brick-like fashion to create a leaded door leaf and is fixed into an appropriate sliding track for automatic operation.

Protective Lead Doors

Different Design Options for Lead-Lined Doors

Lead-lined doors come in various design options, including different finishes, colours, and hardware, allowing them to fit seamlessly into the architectural style of the facility. The choice between metal and timber frames offers further customisation based on structural and aesthetic preferences.

Exploring the Purpose of Lead Lined Metal Doors for Radiation Shielding

Lead-lined metal doorsets serve the primary purpose of providing robust radiation shielding in environments with high radiation exposure levels. They ensure safety and compliance with health regulations, making them essential in medical, industrial, and research settings. Since they provide greater structural integrity than their timber counterparts, steel doorsets are often used for encapsulated lead chevron bricks for shielding required greater than 20mm Pb.

Hollow Metal Doorsets

Hollow metal doorsets, with their lead lining, offer a lightweight yet effective solution for radiation shielding. They are easy to install and maintain, making them a practical choice for various applications.

Solid Metal Doors

Solid metal doors are an alternative to hollow metal door sets that contain lead bricks, although considerably more expensive as they involve non-standard procedures. Their dense construction makes them suitable for high-risk areas where maximum shielding is essential.

Benefits of Lead Shielding Steel Doorsets

Lead shielding steel doorsets can offer durability, fire resistance, and effective radiation protection suitable for heavy lead scenarios where the required amount of lead exceeds 20 mm in thickness. Their robust construction ensures longevity and reliability in demanding environments that may mean the frame and door leaf take a beating from trolleys and the like.

Lead Thickness in the Production of Lead-Lined Metal Doors

The lead thickness in Raybloc doorsets is tailored to the specific radiation protection requirements of the installation site. This customisation ensures that the doors meet the necessary safety standards while being efficient in material use.

Steel Lead Lined Door Frame Options

Metal door frames can be designed to complement our timber lead-lined door leaves, providing a complete shielding solution with the best of both worlds. Frame options include different materials and finishes such as stainless steel or powder coated, catering to structural needs and aesthetic preferences.

Protective Lead-Lined Droos

The Unveiling of Lead-Lined Wooden Doors

Lead-lined wooden doors offer a solution that combines traditional aesthetics with effective radiation protection. They are particularly suited to environments where appearance is as important as functionality, such as in healthcare facilities. Raybloc’s radiation-shielding timber doorsets can be manufactured out of a range of hardwoods, including oak, sapele, and maple. The hardwood can be either left exposed, primed for painting once installed, or encapsulated in a durable 2mm thick PVC of your choice.

Crafting Precision: The Art and Science Behind Manufacturing Lead-Lined Timber Door Sets

Manufacturing lead-lined timber door sets involve precise craftsmanship and technological expertise. The process, developed over Raybloc’s 25 years in lead-lining, ensures that the lead is perfectly integrated within the wooden structure, providing seamless protection without compromising the door’s appearance. All of our lead-lined products have been stringently tested by medical physicists to ensure that they are well suited for even the most complex situations involving X-rays and gamma rays.

Lead Thickness in the Production of Lead-Lined Wood Doors

The lead thickness in wood doors is carefully calculated based on the radiation level to ensure optimal protection dictated by the Radiation Protection Advisor assigned to the project. This balance between protection and design flexibility makes our custom lead lined wood doors a preferred choice for many applications.

Uses For Lead Lined Wood Doors

Lead-lined wood doors are widely used in medical settings, such as X-ray, PET, or CT scan rooms, and imaging centres. They are also applicable in veterinary, defence, and aerospace applications, where radiation protection is required. Most radiation shielding requirements can be met with timber doorsets, as they are tested to last at least 10 years once in situ for lead equivalences below 20mm Pb.


Are lead-lined hollow metal doors fire-resistant?

Yes, lead-lined hollow metal doors can be designed to offer fire resistance, providing dual functionality in safety and radiation protection, much like Raybloc’s timber leaded doorsets.

How are lead wood doors made?

Lead lined wooden doors are made by integrating lead sheets into the structure of the door leaf, frame, and architraves. The manufacturing process ensures the lead is evenly distributed and securely encased within the doorset, providing effective radiation shielding while maintaining the door’s aesthetic appeal. In Raybloc doorsets, all lead is concealed within the door to ensure longevity and ensure that the door is hygienically suitable for medical scenarios.

Which material is ideal for X-ray room doors: metal or wood?

The ideal material for X-ray room doors depends on the specific requirements of the facility, including aesthetic preferences, level of radiation protection needed, and budget. Metal doors offer durability and higher protection levels, while wood doors provide a traditional look and sufficient protection for lower-risk environments.

To find out more about our X-ray protection products, download our eBook today.

Lead Lined Wall Panelling

Do not skip corners when it comes to radiation protection. It is what shields you, your staff, and your patients from harmful radiation. There is no compromise when it comes to people’s lives. Follow us on Facebook, LinkedIn and Twitter.

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